NEMAF implements its intiatives at two levels. The national level intiatives which mostly include research, publication, dialogues and advocacy activities are directly undertaken by NEMAF central office management whereas the local initiatives such as social interactions, advocacy, dialogues are implemented through local partners in 15 districts of Madhesh/Terai (Morang, Sunsari, Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusha, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Nawalparasi, Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Banke and Bardiya). During the next five years, NEMAF will reach to the remaining four districts (Jhapa, Dang, Kailali and Kanchanpur) of Madhesh/Terai.
NEMAF, in order to implement the activities in these districts properly, the districts of Madhesh/Terai have been clustered into five groups based on the following criteria:
Similar language, caste composition and culture.
Poitical issues: Historical milieus and the intensity of relevant political issues.
Conflict level: High intensity of conflict and the factors associated with it.
Development: Low level of development in terms of health, literacy and education, among others.
Gender: Low level of awareness and higher level of gender-based discrimination and violence against women.
Population size and population density: Higher population densities of Dalits and other marginalized groups.
Human rights violation: pervasiveness of abductions, murders and other human rights violation since the emergence of Terai armed groups.
If the existing administrative boundaries of districts in the Madhesh/Terai of Nepal are redrawn considering some of the above criteria, particularly culture, including language and religion, caste/ethic composition, gender discrimination, intensity of conflict, issues of politics since long back, nature of recently emerged armed conflict and scenario of development, five different clusters can be identified.
The identified clusters are as follows:
Cluster I: Far-Eastern Terai (Jhapa, Morang and Sunsari)
Cluster II: Eastern Terai (Saptari, Siraha, Dhanusha, Mahottari and Sarlahi)
Cluster III: Mid Terai (Rautahat, Bara and Parsa)
Cluster IV: Western Terai (Nawalparasi, Rupandehi and Kapilvastu)